Gotō Makoto
National Museum of Japanese History. Associate Professor

Shibutani, Ayako
National Museum of Japanese History. Research Assistant Professor

Ishitsuka Masateru
National Museum of Japanese History. Administrative Staff

国立歴史民俗博物館の総合資料学システム「khirin(Knowledgebase of Historical Resources in Institutes)」と日本の「デジタルアーカイブ」の現状


本発表では、2018年5月末に公開したネットワークシステム「khirin(Knowledgebase of Historical Resources in Institutes)」について紹介し、デモを行う。khirinは、Linked Dataと呼ばれる手法と、IIIFとよばれる手法を用いたものである。昨年の発表で示したように、この両者の手法は国際標準であり対応するシステムがあれば、どこからでも相互運用が可能である。現在システムは、歴博所蔵資料の一部、歴史民俗調査カードという文化財情報、千葉大学との連携した古文書情報を搭載している。発表では、khirinの現状と今後の方向性について述べる。また、この状況と合わせた、日本の「デジタルアーカイブ」と呼ばれる動きの現状について説明することとする。

System of Integrated Studies of Cultural and Research Resources “khirin (Knowledgebase of Historical Resources in Institutes)” by the National Museum of Japanese History and Status of “Digital Archive” in Japan

The National Museum of Japanese History (NMJH; popularly known in Japanese as Rekihaku) is developing a comprehensive digital network of Japanese historical resources as part of the core research ‘Constructing Integrated Studies of Cultural and Research Resources’. This project enables access to data in universities and museums across Japan through interdisciplinary studies in the humanities and sciences using information infrastructure. This digital network includes links to relevant information; search results can display advanced information.

This paper introduces the network system Knowledgebase of Historical Resources in Institutes (khirin), launched in May 2018. The khirin uses linked data and International Image Interoperability Framework. These international standards, as presented at the EAJRS conference in 2017, enable khirin to operate with other global systems. The current application contains a part of the NMJH’s collection, historical resource information in the rekishi minzoku chosa card (a card catalogue of historical and folklore surveys conducted by the Agency for Cultural Affairs in Japan between 1972 and 1974), and information on historical documents jointly managed by Chiba University. This work presents the status of khirin and its prospects. Current trends in digital archiving in Japan are discussed.